Aug 172011

Personal Learning Environments

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Personal Learning Environments (PLE) are systems that help learners take control of and manage their own learning[1]. This includes providing support for learners to:

  • set their own learning goals
  • manage their learning, both content and process
  • communicate with others in the process of learning

Technically, the PLE represents the integration of a number of “Web 2.0” technologies like blogs, Wikis, RSS feeds, Twitter, Facebook, etc.— around the independent learner. Using the term “e-learning 2.0,” Stephen Downes describes the PLE as: “… one node in a web of content, connected to other nodes and content creation services used by other students. It becomes, not an institutional or corporate application, but a personal learning center, where content is reused and remixed according to the student’s own needs and interests. It becomes, indeed, not a single application, but a collection of interoperating applications—an environment rather than a system”[2].

PLE puts the individual learner at the center, connecting him or her to both information and to communities to: “… provide personal spaces, which belong to and are controlled by the user, [and also provide] a social context by offering means to connect with other personal spaces for effective knowledge sharing and collaborative knowledge creation” [3] Using the term “Social Learning 2.0,” Anderson and Dron reinforce this emphasis on community, conceptualizing it in terms of “groups,” “networks” and “collectives” (2007)[4] and thereby achieve learning goals.

See Also

  • History of Personal Learning Environments
  • Virtual Learning Environment
  • A Collection of PLE diagrams


  1. ^ Van Harmelen, H., “Design trajectories: four experiments in PLE implementation”, Interactive Learning Environments, 1744-5191, Volume 16, Issue 1, 2008, Pages 35 – 46
  2. ^ Downes, S. “E-learning 2.0”, National Research Council of Canada, October 17, 2005.
  3. ^ Cahtti, A, “Personal Environments Loosely Joined”, Mohamed Amine Chatti’s ongoing research on Technology Enhanced Learning blog, 2 Jan 2007, inspected on 10 Oct 2010
  4. ^ [ Anderson, T, “On Groups, Networks and Collectives”, Virtual Canuck Blog, April 30, 2007, inspected on October 10, 2010


  • Anderson, Terry (2006), PLE’s versus LMS: Are PLEs ready for Prime time?, Virtual Canuck, Blog
  • Attwell, Graham (2006). Personal Learning Environments, Blog-Entry., retrieved 22:17, 5 October 2010.
  • Attwell, Graham (2007). Personal Learning Environments for creating, consuming, remixing and sharing, Blog-Entry., retrieved 22:17, 5 October 2010.
  • Attwell Graham (2007), Personal Learning Environments – the future of eLearning?, eLearning Papers 2(1), ISSN 1887-1542, January 2007.
  • Blackall, Leigh (2005). Die LMS die! You too PLE!, Blog
  • Chatti, Mohamed Amine (2007), Towards a Personal Learning Environment Framework, Blog
  • Chatti, Mohamed Amine (2007). Personal Environments Loosely Joined, retrieved 22:17, 25 April 2007.
  • Chatti, Mohamed Amine (2007). LMS vs. PLE, , retrieved 22:17, 25 April 2007.
  • Downes, Stephen (2007). Personal Learning, Talk
  • Farmer, James (2006). The Inevitable Personal Learning Environment Post, Blog.
  • FitzGerald, Sean, Creating your Personal Learning Environment
  • Hiebert, Jeremy (2003). Designing for Educators or Students? Blog
  • Jafari, Ali; Patricia McGee, and Colleen Carmean (2006). Managing Courses, Defining Learning: What Faculty, Students, and Administrators Want, EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 41, no. 4 (July/August 2006): 50-71.
  • Martin, Michele (2007). My Personal Learning Environment, Blog, retrieved 22:17, 25 April 2007
  • Lubensky, Ron (2006). The present and future of Personal Learning Environments (PLE), Blog
  • Personal Learning environments (2008), Special Issue, elearning-papers 9
  • Torres, L., Gonzalez, H., Ojeda, J., & Monguet, J. (2010). “PLEs from virtual ethnography of Web 2.0”. In The PLE Conference 2010. Barcelona.
  • van Harmelen, M. (2006). Personal Learning Environments. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT’06), IEEE.
  • Vuorikari, R. (2005). Can personal digital knowledge artefacts’ management and social networks enhance learning? European SchoolNet, EUN Consortium, Brussels.
  • Wheeler, Steve (2010) Learning with ‘e’s: Anatomy of a PLE
  • Wheeler, Steve (2010) Learning with ‘e’s: Physiology of a PLE
  • Wilson, Scott (2006). PLEX, Experiences in building a composite application, Slides


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personal learning environments, McDonald Sales and Marketing, LLC