Nov 092011

Pedagogy vs. Andragogy

Pedagogy: Pedagogical (Greek origin, “child-leading”) and Andragogical (Greek origin, “man-leading)

Pedagogical Andragogical
The Learner
  • The learner is dependent upon the instructor for all learning
  • The teacher/instructor assumes full responsibility for what is taught and how it is learned
  •  The teacher/instructor evaluates learning
  • The learner is self-directed
  • The learner is responsible for his/her own learning
  • Self-evaluation is characteristic of this approach
Role of the Learner’s Experience
  • The learner comes to the activity with little experience that could be tapped as a resource for learning
  • The experience of the instructor is most influential
  • The learner brings a greater volume and quality of experience
  • Adults are a rich resource for one another
  •  Different experiences assure diversity in groups of adults
  •  Experience becomes the source of self-identify
Readiness to Learn
  • Students are told what they have to learn in order to advance to the next level of mastery
  • Any change is likely to trigger a readiness to learn
  • The need to know in order to perform more effectively in some aspect of one’s life is important
  • Ability to assess gaps between where one is now and where one wants and needs to be
Orientation to Learning
  •  Learning is a process of acquiring prescribed subject matter
  •  Content units are sequenced according to the logic of the subject matter
  • Learners want to perform a task, solve a problem, live in a more satisfying way
  • Learning must have relevance to real-life tasks
  • Learning is organized around life/work situations rather than subject matter units
Motivation for Learning
  • Primarily motivated by external pressures, competition for grades, and the consequences of failure
  • Internal motivators: self esteem, recognition, better quality of life, self confidence, self-actualization


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pedagogy, McDonald Sales and Marketing, LLC